Electromagnetic Components Realized on Conductive Wires: A Copper vs. E-Thread Comparison

Author(s): Vigyanshu Mishra, Asimina Kiourti
SourceFERMAT, Volume 36, Communication 2, Nov.-Dec., 2019


Abstract E-textile embroidery is recently emerging as a highly promising substitute to copper for diverse applications that require flexibility, conformality and robustness (wearables, military, smart homes, and more). Studies have long contrasted the performance of e-textile conductive surfaces vs. their copperbased counterparts. However, several electromagnetic (EM) components, such as coils or wire antennas, rely on conductive wires rather than conductive sheets/surfaces. In this work, we report the first comparison of e-threads vs. copper wires for EM applications across the entire 1 kHz to 4 GHz range. At low frequencies, coils made of e-threads and copper wires show similar self and mutual inductance, though resistance values are up to 2 to 9 times higher for ethreads. At high frequencies, transmission lines made of e-thread and copper wire show good agreement. Notably, e-threads are over 4 times more lightweight as compared to copper. In future, these findings can be leveraged to translate various copper-wire EM components into e-textiles.

Index Termse-textiles, embroidery, reflection coefficient, transmission coefficient


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Electromagnetic Components Realized on Conductive Wires: A Copper vs. E-Thread Comparison









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